SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND

ACTC1, ACVR2B, ADAMTS10, ARHGAP31, BMPR2, BRAF, CBL, CFAP53, CHD7, CITED2, CREBBP, CRELD1, DNAH11, DNAH5, DNAI1, DOCK6, DTNA, EHMT1, ELN, EOGT, EP300, EVC, EVC2, FBN1, FBN2, FLNA, FOXC1, FOXH1, FOXP1, GATA4, GATA5, GATA6, GDF1, GJA1, GPC3, HRAS, JAG1, KDM6A, KMT2D, KRAS, LEFTY2, LZTR1, MAP2K1, MAP2K2, MED12, MED13L, MGP, MMP21, MRAS, MYH11, MYH6, NF1, NIPBL, NKX2-5, NKX2-6, NODAL, NOTCH1, NOTCH2, NPHP4, NR2F2, NRAS, NSD1, PITX2, PKD1L1, PPP1CB, PTPN11, RAF1, RBM10, RBPJ, RIT1, RRAS, SALL1, SALL4, SEMA3E, SHOC2, SMAD6, SOS1, SOS2, SPRED1, TAB2, TBX1, TBX20, TBX3, TBX5, TFAP2B, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TLL1, ZEB2, ZFPM2, ZIC3

Congenital heart defects are observed in approximately 8 out of every 1,000 live births and are one of the most common causes of child morbidity and mortality worldwide. The causes of congenital heart defects are diverse and often multifactorial. In recent years, modern cytogenetic and molecular genetic methods have been used to identify a growing number of genetic causes for congenital heart defects. It is now assumed that a significant proportion of congenital cardiac malformations are genetic, whereas suspected external factors are still largely unexplained. Congenital heart defects can occur frequently in families, in both isolated and syndromic forms. Genes associated with heart defects code for transcription factors, chromatin regulators, growth factors and signal transduction pathways that play a crucial role in normal heart development. More than 80 genes are known to be associated with isolated and more common syndromic forms of congenital heart defect. Using new sequencing technologies (NGS), it is possible to investigate genetic causes of congenital heart defects such as atrial septum defect, ventricular septum defect, tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the large arteries, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, aortic stenosis, pulmonary stenosis, conotruncal defects, Ebstein anomaly and heterotaxia as well as RASopathies and other syndromes in familial cases or when an overriding syndrome is suspected.

 

References

Malti et al. 2016, Eur J Hum Genet 24:228 / Muntean et al. 2017, Biochem Genet 55:105 / Lindinger et al. 2010, Klein Padiatr 222:321

GENES

ACTC1, ACVR2B, ADAMTS10, ARHGAP31, BMPR2, BRAF, CBL, CFAP53, CHD7, CITED2, CREBBP, CRELD1, DNAH11, DNAH5, DNAI1, DOCK6, DTNA, EHMT1, ELN, EOGT, EP300, EVC, EVC2, FBN1, FBN2, FLNA, FOXC1, FOXH1, FOXP1, GATA4, GATA5, GATA6, GDF1, GJA1, GPC3, HRAS, JAG1, KDM6A, KMT2D, KRAS, LEFTY2, LZTR1, MAP2K1, MAP2K2, MED12, MED13L, MGP, MMP21, MRAS, MYH11, MYH6, NF1, NIPBL, NKX2-5, NKX2-6, NODAL, NOTCH1, NOTCH2, NPHP4, NR2F2, NRAS, NSD1, PITX2, PKD1L1, PPP1CB, PTPN11, RAF1, RBM10, RBPJ, RIT1, RRAS, SALL1, SALL4, SEMA3E, SHOC2, SMAD6, SOS1, SOS2, SPRED1, TAB2, TBX1, TBX20, TBX3, TBX5, TFAP2B, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TLL1, ZEB2, ZFPM2, ZIC3
How to order

LATEST ARTICLES

Cancer is a group of genetic diseases that can develop almost anywhere in the body. Many people in the world are affected by cancer every year. Follo...

Read more

Aiming to evaluate the role of chromosomal aneuploidy in pregnancy loss, a 2023 study 35 years in the making evaluated the genomic landscape of first...

Read more

Cancer is a complex genetic disease that affects millions of people in the world. It is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, with about ten ...

Read more

Researchers created a detailed map of the placenta during labor. By studying how maternal and fetal cells communicate, they discovered signals in the...

Read more

A recent paper published in Nature Medicine (1) aimed to identify genes and genomic biomarkers which can better predict outcomes and personalized the...

Read more

In honor of the international day of women and girls in science, we interviewed one of our very own, Dr. Evelina Papaioannou. Dr. Evelina Pa...

Read more

Aneuploidies, such as translocations, whole or segmental chromosomal duplications, and deletions, are examples of chromosomal abnormalities that are ...

Read more

Here you can read the winning essays from the first, annual DNA essay competition on the subject of "How unfolding the DNA code can help with precisi...

Read more

Introduction Our voices are as unique as our fingerprints! Although there are people whose voices might sound alike, there are no two voices exact...

Read more

Not everyone likes winter. For people who do not enjoy the cold weather, or having to put on a thick coat to go outside, a winter can be a source of ...

Read more